Research Projects

Accessibility

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overview
To revolutionize the creation of assistive technology, our work is divided into three complementary activities

One in 5 Americans has a disability, and the needs of people with disabilities are extremely heterogeneous. Yet accessibility is not a given, and assistive technology today is mostly homogenous and very expensive. Our group is focused on the scientific challenges that can address accessibility across a broad range of domains.

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Health

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From a healthcare perspective, our work focuses on the intersectional nature of inclusion, access and health.  For example, discrimination can impact both mental and physical health. Similarly, chronic illness is both a health issue and a disability.

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Inclusion

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Our group also works to address inclusion of other under represented groups. Our particular focus currently is the UW Experience Study which is looking at experiences that differentially impact under represented groups among undergraduates at the University of Washington. Other recent work has looked at gender in academia and other settings.

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Fabrication

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President Obama once said ‘3D printing […] has the potential to revolutionize the way we make almost everything” [Obama 2013].’ One might say that computers have the same ability. Together, computational advances and fabrication can revolutionize personal problem solving, particularly with respect to accessibility. 

Our group is embarking on an effort to enhance fabrication technology, both through the use of new and better materials and in its ease of program. Much of our effort here is on embedding standard programming capabilities such as testability, modularity, iterability, and version control into the design and fabrication process.

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Data Science

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An ability to process, understand, and share data is critical to many of today’s computational tasks. Our group’s work takes a human centered view on data analytic problems. Some of our advances include a machine learning algorithm that tries to minimize the burden on people answering questions needed to support prediction and decreasing the impact of uncertainty by carrying it forward into interactive systems rather than guessing the correct interpretation without any knowledge of the user who is interacting with a system.

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Sustainability

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Sustainability, and relatedly environmental justice, are issues that intersects with all of the other focii in our group.  In addition, they are issues that require engagement by computer scientists. In the past, our group has tackled sustainability from an intersectional perspective, exploring how energy use plays out in a variety of communities from low-income settings in the U.S. to urban middle-class families in India. This in turn has led to new research in landlord-tenant relationships and ultimately to work aimed at changing the information economy prior to lease signing.

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All recent publications

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Detecting Loneliness

The Limits of Expert Text Entry Speed on Mobile Keyboards with Autocorrect

Leveraging Routine Behavior and Contextually-Filtered Features for Depression Detection among College Students

KnitPick: Programming and Modifying Complex Knitted Textures for Machine and Hand Knitting

Passively-sensed Behavioral Correlates of Discrimination Events in College Students

A venn diagram showing the domains of expertise of those we interviewed including people from hospitals, universities, non-profits, va networks, private practices, and government. We interviewed clinicians and facilitators in each of these domains and there was a great deal of overlap with participants falling into multiple categories. For example, one participant was in a VA network and in private practice, while another was at a university and also a non-profit.

Point-of-Care Manufacturing: Maker Perspectives on Digital Fabrication in Medical Practice

A Makapo paddler in a one-person outrigger canoe (OC1) with the final version of CoOP attached.

Designing in the Public Square

Clench Interaction: Novel Biting Input Techniques

Picture of potted plants and a bench with the word Africatown in the background, painted in bright red and green colors

Who Gets to Future? Race, Representation, and Design Methods in Africatown

Splint that has been 3D printed in a material of an appropriate skin color and fit to a client's hand.

“Occupational Therapy is Making”: Clinical Rapid Prototyping and Digital Fabrication

Lyme Disease’s Heterogeneous Impact

Understanding gender equity in author order assignment

Picture of a 3D printed arm with backscatter sensing technology attached to it.

3D Printed Wireless Analytics

Interactiles

EDigs

Nonvisual Interaction Techniques at the Keyboard Surface

Picture of 3D models and a printout

Expressing and Reusing Design Intent in 3D Models

Hypertension recognition through overnight Heart Rate Variability sensing

The Tangible Desktop

Examples of 3d printed objects that are robust to measurement uncertainty.

Uncertainty in Measurement

Making the field of computing more inclusive for people with disabilities

Volunteer AT Fabricators

Tactile Interfaces to Appliances

Aversion to Typing Errors

Modeling & Generating Routines

3D Printing with Embedded Textiles

Watch-ya-doin

Shows someone placing a pen in a cap with two different types of adaptations.

Printable Adaptations

A teddy bear wearing a knit hat, scarf (with pocket) and sweater

A Knitting Machine Compiler

Sketchup Interface with plugin for RapID being used to create a Tic Tac Toe board.

RapID — interactive RFID

Modeling Human Routines

Threadsteading

Diagram of FOCUS method for dynamic, cost-sensitive feature selection

Dynamic question ordering

3D printed attachments

Helping Hands

Supporting Navigation in the Wild for the Blind

Layered Fabric Printing

Infant Oxygen Monitoring

3D Printed Prosthetics: Case Study

Images from a variety of projects supporting green behavior

StepGreen

Severity of Chronic Lyme Disease

Stepgreen.org

Automatically tracking green actions

Competing Online Viewpoints and Models of Chronic Illness

Disability Studies and Accessible Technology Creation

Exiting the cleanroom: On ecological validity and ubiquitous computing

Jennifer Mankoff | University of Washington

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